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著者: 但以理。
着时: 主前第六世纪。
着地: 巴比伦。
涵盖时段: 为时六十八年,从主前六○五年,即约雅敬在位第三年,(一1,)到主前五三七年,即古列在位第三年。(十1。)
主题:神截定给以色列的定命,就是七十个七的内容
内容:
纲目 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

但以理书 第1章

壹 神选民堕落的结果-被掳到巴比伦 一1~2

1:1 1犹大王约雅敬在位第三年,巴比伦王a尼布甲尼撒来到耶路撒冷,将城围困。
In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim the king of Judah Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.
1:2 主将犹大王约雅敬,并神殿中的一些a器皿交付他手,他就把这些1器皿带到1 b示拿地,他神的庙里,带进他神的库中。
And the Lord gave Jehoiakim the king of Judah into his hand with some of the vessels of the house of God; and he brought them into the land of Shinar to the house of his god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his god.

贰 神堕落的选民中年轻的后裔(包括但以理,)在被掳之中,胜过撒但进一步的诡计 一3~六28

一 胜过属鬼的饮食 一3~21

1:3 1王吩咐太监长亚施毗拿,从以色列人中,从王室后裔和贵胄中,a带进几个人来,
Then the king told Ashpenaz, the chief of his eunuchs, to bring some of the sons of Israel, including some from the royal seed and from the nobility,
1:4 就是年少没有残疾,相貌俊美,通晓各样a智慧,知识通达,思想敏捷,足能侍立在王宫里的,要教他们迦勒底人的学问和1语言。
Children in whom was no defect, who were good in appearance, who showed insight in all wisdom, understanding in knowledge, and apprehension in thought, and in whom was the ability to stand in the king’s palace. And he told him to teach them the learning and language of the Chaldeans.
1:5 王派定将1自己所用的膳和所饮的酒,每日赐他们一分,养他们三年;好叫他们在2期满以后可以在王面前a侍立。
And the king appointed to them a daily portion from the king’s choice provision and from the wine that he drank, and appointed that they should be brought up for three years so that at the end of the time they might stand before the king.
1:6 他们中间有犹大族的人,1 a但以理、哈拿尼雅、米沙利、亚撒利雅;
Now among these from the sons of Judah were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah.
1:7 太监长给他们起名,称但以理为a伯提沙撒,称哈拿尼雅为b沙得拉,称米沙利为米煞,称亚撒利雅为亚伯尼歌。
And the leader of the eunuchs gave them names: he gave Daniel the name Belteshazzar; Hananiah, the name Shadrach; Mishael, the name Meshach; and Azariah, the name Abed-nego.
1:8 但以理却1立定心意,不以王的膳和王所饮的酒a玷污自己,所以求太监长容他不玷污自己。
But Daniel set his heart not to defile himself with the king’s choice provision and with the wine that the king drank, so he requested of the leader of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.
1:9 神使但以理在太监长眼前蒙a恩惠,受怜恤;
And God granted Daniel favor and compassion in the sight of the leader of the eunuchs;
1:10 太监长对但以理说,我惧怕我主我王,他已经派定你们的饮食;为何叫他看见你们的面貌,比你们同岁的少年人瘦弱难看呢?这样,你们就使我的头在王那里难保。
And the leader of the eunuchs said to Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who has appointed your food and drink; for why should he see your faces being more morose than those of the children who are of your own age? Then you would bring guilt upon my head before the king.
1:11 但以理对太监长所派管理但以理、哈拿尼雅、米沙利、亚撒利雅的委办说,
Then Daniel said to the steward whom the leader of the eunuchs had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah,
1:12 求你试试仆人们a十天,给我们蔬菜吃,白水喝,
Please test your servants for ten days, and let vegetables be given to us to eat and water to drink.
1:13 然后当面察看我们的面貌,和用王膳那些少年人的面貌;就照你所看的待仆人罢。
Then let our countenances be watched in your presence, as well as the countenances of the children who eat the king’s choice provision; and do with your servants according to what you see.
1:14 委办便允准他们这件事,试看他们十天。
So he listened to them in this matter and tested them for ten days.
1:15 过了十天,见他们的面貌更显俊美,比用王膳的一切少年人更加健壮;
And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared better, and they were more fully fleshed than all the children who ate the king’s choice provision.
1:16 于是委办撤去派定他们用的膳、饮的酒,只给他们蔬菜吃。
Therefore the steward withheld their portion of the choice provision and the wine that they were to drink and gave them vegetables.
1:17 这四个少年人,神在各样学问、a智慧上,赐给他们知识聪明;但以理又明白各样的b异象和梦兆。
Now as for these four children, God gave them knowledge and insight in all learning and wisdom; and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.
1:18 尼布甲尼撒王吩咐带进少年人来的日期到了,太监长就把他们带到王面前。
Then at the end of the days when the king had said that the children should be brought in, the leader of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar;
1:19 王与他们谈论,见少年人中,无一人能比但以理、哈拿尼雅、米沙利、亚撒利雅;于是他们就在王面前侍立。
And the king spoke with them. And among them all none were found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; therefore they stood in the presence of the king.
1:20 王考问他们一切智慧、学问的事,见他们比通国的术士和用法术的,胜过十倍。
And in every matter of wisdom and understanding that the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and conjurers who were in all his realm.
1:21 直到a古列王1元年,但以理还在。
And Daniel continued until the first year of Cyrus the king.