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著者: 撒母耳记上、下在希伯来文圣经中原为一卷。撒上一~二四章是撒母耳所写。(代上二九29,撒上二五1。)撒母耳记上其余的部分,以及撒母耳记下,是申言者拿单和先见迦得所写。(代上二九29。)
着时: 主前第十一世纪。
着地: 以法莲和犹大。
涵盖时段: 约于主前一一七一~一○一七年,共约一百五十五年。
主题:享受神所赐美地之路的例证
内容:
纲目 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

撒母耳记上 第1章

壹 撒母耳的历史 撒上一1~八22

一 他的出身与出生 一1~20

1:1 1以法莲山地的拉玛琐非有一个以法莲人,名叫a以利加拿,是苏弗的玄孙,讬户的曾孙,以利户的孙子,耶罗罕的儿子。
Now there was a certain man from Ramathaim-zophim, from the hill country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite.
1:2 他有两个妻子,一个名叫哈拿,一个名叫毗尼拿。毗尼拿有孩子,哈拿却a没有孩子。
And he had two wives; the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other was Peninnah. Now Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
1:3 这人a每年从本城上b示罗去敬拜,并献祭给万军之耶和华;在那里有以利的两个儿子何弗尼、非尼哈,作耶和华的祭司。
And this man went up from his city year by year to worship and to sacrifice to Jehovah of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests of Jehovah, were there.
1:4 以利加拿在献祭的那一天,将几分祭肉给他的妻子毗尼拿和毗尼拿所生的众儿女;
And when the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and her daughters.
1:5 但他给哈拿的分却是双倍的,因为他爱哈拿。无奈1耶和华使哈拿不能生育。
But he would give a double portion to Hannah, for it was Hannah whom he loved; but Jehovah had shut up her womb.
1:6 哈拿的对头毗尼拿,因耶和华使哈拿不能生育,就极力激动她,要惹她生气。
And her rival provoked her bitterly to irritate her, because Jehovah had shut up her womb.
1:7 年年都是如此;她上到耶和华殿的时候,毗尼拿总是这样激动她,以致她哭泣不吃饭。
And so it happened year after year; when she went up to the house of Jehovah, the other provoked her this way; and she wept and would not eat.
1:8 她丈夫以利加拿对她说,哈拿,你为什么哭泣,不吃饭?为什么心里难过?你有我不比有十个儿子还好么?
And Elkanah her husband said to her, Hannah, why are you weeping, and why do you not eat? And why is your heart sad? Am I not better to you than ten sons?
1:9 他们在示罗吃喝完了,哈拿就起来。祭司以利在耶和华1 a殿的门框旁边,坐在自己的位上。
Then after the eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah rose up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his seat at the doorpost of the temple of Jehovah.
1:10 哈拿魂里愁苦,就向耶和华1祷告,痛痛哭泣;
And she was bitter in soul and prayed to Jehovah and wept much.
1:11 她许a愿说,万军之耶和华阿,你若b垂顾你婢女的苦情,记念我,不忘记你的婢女,赐你的婢女一个男孩,我必将他终身献与耶和华,c不用1剃刀剃他的头。
And she made a vow and said, O Jehovah of hosts, if You will indeed look upon the affliction of Your female servant and remember me and not forget Your female servant, but give to Your female servant a male child, then I will give him to Jehovah for all the days of his life, and no razor will come upon his head.
1:12 哈拿在耶和华面前不住的祷告,以利定睛看她的嘴。
And while she continued praying a long time before Jehovah, Eli watched her mouth.
1:13 原来哈拿心中诉说,只动嘴唇,听不见声音,因此以利以为她喝醉了。
And Hannah was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. So Eli thought that she was drunk.
1:14 以利对她说,你要醉到几时呢?除去你的酒罢。
And Eli said to her, How long will you be drunk? Put away your wine from you.
1:15 哈拿回答说,我主阿,不是这样。我是灵里受压的妇人,淡酒浓酒都没有喝,但在耶和华面前1倾心吐意。
And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord. I am a woman oppressed in spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been pouring out my soul before Jehovah.
1:16 不要将婢女看作卑劣的女子。我因被人激动,愁苦太重,所以一直诉说到如今。
Do not take your female servant for a worthless woman; for out of the greatness of my anxiety and provocation I have been speaking all this time.
1:17 以利回答说,你平平安安的去罢,愿以色列的神将你向祂所求的赐给你。
Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant your request that you have requested from Him.
1:18 哈拿说,愿婢女在你眼前蒙恩。于是妇人回去,并且吃饭,面上不再带愁容了。
And she said, Let your servant find favor in your sight. And the woman went her way; and she ate, and her countenance was sad no more.
1:19 次日,他们清早起来,在耶和华面前敬拜,就回拉玛,到了家里。以利加拿和妻子哈拿同房;耶和华a记念哈拿。
And they rose up early in the morning and worshipped before Jehovah; and they returned and came to their house in Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and Jehovah remembered her.
1:20 哈拿就怀孕,时候到了,生了一个儿子,给他起名叫1撒母耳,说,因为他是我从耶和华求来的。
And in due time Hannah conceived and bore a son; and she called his name Samuel, For, she said, I asked for him of Jehovah.

二 他的幼年 一21~二11

1:21 以利加拿和他全家都上示罗去,要向耶和华献年祭,并还所许的愿。
And the man Elkanah went up with all his house to offer the yearly sacrifice to Jehovah and his vow.
1:22 哈拿却没有上去;她对丈夫说,等孩子断了奶,我便a带他上去,让他朝见耶和华,并且永远住在那里。
But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, When the child is weaned, then I will bring him up, so that he may appear before Jehovah and stay there forever.
1:23 她丈夫以利加拿对她说,你看怎样好,就怎样行罢;可以留在家里,等到你给孩子断了奶。但愿耶和华使祂的话坚立。于是妇人留在家里乳养儿子,直到给他断了奶。
And Elkanah her husband said to her, Do what is good in your sight; stay until you have weaned him. Only, may Jehovah establish His word. So the woman stayed and nursed her son until she weaned him.
1:24 她既给孩子断了奶,就带他一同上去,又带了三只公牛,一伊法细面,一皮袋酒;孩子还小,她就带他到a示罗耶和华的殿中。
And as soon as she weaned him, she brought him up with her, along with three bulls and one ephah of flour and a skin of wine; and she brought him to the house of Jehovah in Shiloh, although the child was young.
1:25 他们宰了一只公牛,就领孩子到以利那里。
And they slaughtered the bull and brought the child to Eli.
1:26 妇人说,我主阿,我指着你的性命起誓,我主,从前在这里站在你旁边向耶和华祷告的那妇人,就是我。
And she said, Oh, my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood here by you, praying to Jehovah.
1:27 我祷告为要得这孩子;耶和华已将我a向祂所求的赐给我了。
It was for this child that I prayed, and Jehovah has granted me my request that I requested from Him.
1:28 所以,1我也将这孩子借与耶和华;他终身都是借与耶和华的。于是他们在那里敬拜耶和华。
Therefore I, for my part, have lent him to Jehovah; all the days that he lives, he is lent to Jehovah. And he worshipped Jehovah there.